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Buddh Singh

Sardar Budha Singh


Sardar Budha Singh,  born in 1670 as Desu, initially he was a cattle thief and he took pahul from Guru Gobind Singh in 1692 in order to reform himself. He owned 25 acres of land, three ploughs and a well and became founder of the village of Sukarchak in the Majha tract of the Punjab about 70 kms from Lahore; he took part in battles under Guru Gobind Singh and under Banda Singh Bahadur; married and had issue, two sons. He died of apoplexy in 1718.


Sardar Budha Singh,was an affluent Jat farmer of the village of Sukarchak in the Majha tract of the Punjab, was the first historically known ancestor of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. His original name was Desu. He was born in 1670. He possessed 25 acres of land and three ploughs and a well. On this land he had built a couple of houses for his family and cattle. The place was named Sukarchak- sukar means small and narrow and chak signifies a petty tract of land it also assumed the meaning of a village on account of this Desu began to be called Sukarchakia, According to a tradition, it is also said that Sukarchak was so named as it was founded on Friday (Shukarwar). Sukarchak was situated near Gujranwala, 70 kms, north of Lahore. (District of Gujranwala is known to be the home of all Sandhus and Maharaja Ranjit Singh was of Sandhu clan of Jats)


It is said that in his early days Desu sometimes indulged in cattle-lifting Once Desu carried off some good cattle from the village Narkhona- After a few days he met an old woman in tbe jungle She enquired of Desu’s whereabouts. She told him that Desu had taken away her buffaloes and a pair of oxen and she was going to get them back- He told her that Desu was a man of fierce nature and he would maltreat her. She said that when he knew her miserable condition he would take pity on her. She could not find Desu in the village but on return to her place she was surprised to find all her cattle tied up there safe and sound. If One of his ancestors was initiated into Sikhism by Guru Gohind Singh in 1692. Budha Singh was a daring adventurer and is said to have taken part in the battles of Guru Gobind Singh and Banda Singh Bahadur. The success, which attended his exploits, won him the reputation of being one of the boldest and the most resolute of the Sikhs of the Pnnjab He built a fortress-like mansion at his village. He was always held in high esteem by the Sikhs.


He used to ride a piebald mare called after him as Desi which had crossed with its rider the rivers of Jhelum, Ravi and Chenab fifty times. It is said that sometimes Budha Singh covered on his mare’s back a distance of over one hundred miles a day. The brave and courageous Budha Singh, who was a giant in strength, is said to have received during his life time some forty sword cuts and nine matchlock wounds, without his physical strength failing him. In the words of Carmichael Smyth, Budha Singh” was distinguished for the most intrepid courage; for his sagacity and shrewdness which bore him successfully through all his schemes, and for his ready wit and good humour. He was also famed for his regard to the rights and property of the poor. He was very kind and sympathetic to the faqirs, the poor and the travellers. He died of apoplexy in 1718.


On his death, Budha Singh left behind two sons, named Naudh Singh and Chanda Singh, the latter being the ancestor of the Sandhanwalia Sardars of Raja Sansi